Natural Stone

About Natural Stone

Natural Stone refers to stone products that come from the earth, naturally. Natural stones built Machu Picchu, the Great Pyramids, and many other natural wonders and famous structures. They’ve been used for thousands of years for building materials and decoration and we still use them today to create beautiful fireplaces.

Natural Stone Installation

Natural Stone installation is a lot more compliclated than manufactured stone installation. Natural Stone can easily damage other surfaces, stones can come in different shapes, sizes, and textures.

Luckily, the VanderWall team has connections to local masons that handle it all. If you need help from professionals, feel free to get in touch.

Protect surfaces that could be damaged during the stone installation process, such as hardwood flooring, window trim, and other areas that have already been finished. Stage material close to the installation area. Layout stones so they can be easily viewed and reached. It is important to obtain stones from multiple packages (boxes and/or crates) and organizes them by size, color, and texture. Opening all boxes and crates will facilitate random distribution. Moisture Control (Flashing-WRBs-Weep screed) Ensure surface is clean and free of any debris. Use Type-S mortar. It is important to not leave the scratch-coat surface smooth. Groove scratch-coat horizontally with a notched trowel. Scratch-coating can be done in its entirety before adhering stone, but it is also acceptable to “scratches-you-go”. Wire Lath/Mesh Use expanded, galvanized, diamond-mesh meeting requirements of ASTM C847-06 (min 2.5 lb/yd2 ). Install tightly, cups up (smooth when feeling from bottom to top, rough when felt top to bottom.) Overlap sections of lath approximately 1 inch. Fasten lath every 16” horizontally on-center, and maximum 6” vertically. Wrap corners minimum 16” (inside and outside corners.) WOOD STUDS: If anchoring to wood studs with screws, use washers, and ensure 1 inch of stud penetration. If anchoring with wide-crown staples, ensure staples will penetrate 1 inch deep. STEEL STUDS: If anchoring to steel studs, ensure 1/2 inch of steel penetration beyond the inside surface. Verify flashing is properly installed (roof, chimney, windows, door openings, etc.) Flashing should integrate with Water Resistive Barriers (WRB), overlapping weep screed flange.* WRB: 2 layers; house-wrap first, then felt the paper. * Install from bottom-up, overlapping min. 4 inches, horizontally and vertically. Weep screeds may or may not be required.* * Refer to local building codes. * Interiors (Over Drywall) Instead of using moisture resistant barrier and wire mesh system, cement board products can be used for interiors. (Exception: Interior water features require MRB.) Apply cement board, rough side out, over studs (drywall is not necessary, but can be left in place). Fasten cement board using corrosion-resistant screws every 16” horizontally on center, and minimum 6” vertically, ensuring minimum 1 inch of stud penetration. Tape cement board seams with fiberglass tape and seal seams with Thinset mortar. Ensure surface is clean and free of debris. Type-S (ASTM C270) should be used for all NSVI stone products unless drystacking (i.e. Ledgestone Collection). Consistency of mortar mix is important. If too wet or too dry, the mortar will not adhere to stone or substrate surface properly. It should stick to the trowel. NSVI recommends adding acrylic bonding agent to Type-S mortar. This enhances the flexural, adhesion, compressive, and tensile strength qualities. Thinset (ANSI 118.4) when tight-fitting NSVI stone (also see Pg. 6). Use medium-grade ThinSet or Use high-grade ThinSet when adhering stone to water features or when installing in a high moisture environment (i.e. pool, shower, bath, spa).

Begin installation at the bottom. It is helpful to install a temporary ledge to keep stone off of the floor (usually 1/2 inch above the floor for interior walls), or 4 inches above grade for exteriors.1 This will create a level starting point, and aid in the speed of installation. Also, horizontal chalk-lines are beneficial every 12”- 16” for the same reason. Install some corner stones before flats. 2 Spread approximately 1/2 inch of mortar to the entire back of the stone (leave no air pockets). With firm pressure, press stone into place with a slight wiggle, allowing mortar to ooze around the outer edges of the stone. Take care to prevent mortar from getting on the surface of the stone. (See Care, Cleaning, & Maint. this page.) Hold in place for a few seconds or until stone feels relatively secure in its wet mortar bed. Small stone chips or wood wedges can aid in immobilizing stones. (Removed before filling joints.) Remove excess mortar from around stone using trowel or tuck pointer. Once placed—Do Not Disturb. If stone loosens, it must be removed. Mortar must be completely cleaned off of the stone and the area where the stone was located. Then, reinstall stone per steps above.

Fill-As-You-Go * Mortar is applied to the top of the previously placed stone (“bed-joint”), and to adjacent stones (“head joint”) then a new stone is placed on top of (or next to) the mortar joint bed, and tuck-pointed into remaining joints around the stone, sealing it to substrate. Grout Bag (a.k.a. “cake-bag”)

* Injecting mortar into joints after the stone has been installed.

* If used, remove stone chips and/or wood – wedges prior to filling in joints. Finishing— When mortar joints become firm, or thumbprint hard, the finishing process can begin. Temperature and relative-humidity will affect the time it takes the mortar to get thumbprint-hard. Mortar joints are typically raked back and brushed smooth dependent on the joint style specified: Overgrout— Mortar joints are filled in, flush to the surface of the adjacent stone(s), then smoothened with a soft bristle brush. Standard— Mortar joints are raked back to reveal the edge of the stones, then swept smooth with the brush. Joints should not be raked too deep as this could impact the integrity of the installation. Key: Do Not Give Reason for Water To Get Behind Stone.

If mortar gets on the face of the stone, let it dry slightly, brush off, and then sponge off any residue left behind. The best cleaning method for natural stone is a diluted, mild, detergent, 2—3 days after the stone is set. Try an inconspicuous test area before attempting to clean an entire stone surface. Do Not Use Metal Brushes or Acids!

Natural Stone Products & Supplies

Natural Stone Products & Supplies

We offer the entire kitchen sink when it comes to natural stone supplies and natural stone products. Use our natural stone for fireplaces, exterior, hardscaping, retaining walls, wine cellars, backsplashes, columns and interior walls.

Stop by our showroom today to pick up a sample of any stone!

Processing is limited to resizing the material to be user-friendly dimensions that are more efficient and economical to transport and install. NSVI’s material is cut thin allowing twice the coverage of traditional stone, greatly reducing the environmental impact. Natural Stone is 100% useable, can be recycled and emits no VOC’s.

  • Responsible land use by using their quarry to its fullest capacity by prolonging the life of the deposits.  Instead of cutting stone to four inches deep and mortaring the back of stone into a wall, NSVI has captured the reverse side of the stone and utilized it to double the finished the face feet available from the quarry deposit. 
  • Scale – being lightweight in comparison to full-thickness counterpart, thin veneer stone can be transported for 1/3 the cost.  Typically 1000 square feet of full veneer can be transported on a 24-ton truck. Using thin veneer stone, there is over 3,000 sqft feed per 24-ton load.
  • Scale – being lightweight in comparison to full-thickness counterpart, thin veneer stone can be transported for 1/3 the cost.  Typically 1000 square feet of full veneer can be transported on a 24-ton truck. Using thin veneer stone, there is over 3,000 sqft feed per 24-ton load.

All stone is quarried in Michigan from common granite cobble to different colors of limestone. Some product has been excavated during the construction of Sault Ste. Marie. They offer full bed depth and thin veneer.

Is a family-owned and operated company that has made its name by developing a niche within the aggregate industry. They are a diverse crushed stone supplier with over 60 different colors of crushed stone products. Their thin stone veneer is comprised of stunning natural stone that can be used for nearly any application from building facades to interior features.

  • The thin stone veneer has a nominal thickness of ¾” – ½” resulting in a natural stone product 15# or less per square foot. This lightweight helps reduce production, shipping and construction costs. It can be installed without footings or ledges and adheres to concrete, plywood, paneling, drywall and even metal. Thin stone veneer wears and weathers naturally and maintains its integrity through the life of the project.

Is a global manufacturer and supplier of premium natural stone products made from basalt, quartz or quartzite based sedimentary stone for strength and durability. Norstone is based in Australia with its products quarried and manufactured in Vietnam.

  • Most Norstone products are suitable for interior and exterior applications. Certain colors should not be used in areas subject to extensive freeze/thaw so check product specifications depending on applications.

Natural Stone Applications

Natural Stone fireplaces offer the most beautiful, durable, efficient, and long-lasting material for your fireplace around. Natural stone retains heat better than any other material, has low maintenance, and is highly resistant to wear and tear, including rot and mold. It can even handle the extreme temperature.

Use our natural stone for fireplaces, exterior, hardscaping, retaining walls, wine cellars, backsplashes, columns, interior walls.

Natural Stone Near You

This is a sampling of mother nature that we have to start. Whatever stone you are looking for, we can get it. If there’s a state you love with a stone you have to have, we can acquire it. Our four most popular lines are listed, but keep in mind you are not limited to these product lines.

  • Spring Lake
  • Grand Haven
  • Holland
  • West Olive
  • Saugatuck
  • South Haven
  • Muskegon
  • North Muskegon
  • Whitehall
  • Montague
  • Hart
  • Ludington
  • Manistee
  • Lakeshore
  • Grand Rapids
  • Coopersville
  • Allendale
  • Hudsonville